Acupuncture points and meridians
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acupuncture points and meridians
Qi (simplified Chinese: 气; Traditional Chinese: 气) or Ki (Japanese: 気), pronounced tchee, is a key concept of oriental culture which identifies a fundamental principle forming and animating the universe and life.
Chinese texts describe the Qi as a vital breath with alternating traffic yin & yang.
In a living organism, it circulates within the body through meridians that intersect all in centers of energy (Chakras). Qi is present in all manifestations of nature.
Qi causes different sensations when circulating in the body, in the form of heat or tingling. It is focusing attention on these sensations, by empiricism, traditional Chinese doctors have been able to establish over the centuries a network traffic traversing the body.
There are about 400 acupuncture points (not counting bilateral points twice) most of which are situated along the major 20 pathways (i.e. 12 primary & 8 extraordinary channels).
There are 12 standard meridians, also called principal meridians, each
Yin meridian (organ) is associated with a Yang meridian (viscus) :
There are also 8 extraordinary channels, also called extraordinary
meridians, two of which have their own sets of points :
These eight 8 meridians are different to the standard twelve organ meridians in that they are considered to be storage vessels or reservoirs of energy.
The Governing Vessel, located in the spine, corresponds to Sushumna the main channel through which flows Kundalini, a primary energy which evolves in the center of the spinal cord from the sacrum to the top of the head, and which passes through the centers of energy (Chakras). Hatha Yoga aims at the awakening of self-awareness by controlling the energy.
Front Mu points and back Shu points are specific acupoints used in the full general practice. They are directly related to the organs and viscera and it is very effective to massage every day and insist on more sensitive areas.